In males neutering is called castration, and in females its called spaying.
The operations are carried out as day procedures. In males the testicles are removed, and in females the ovaries and womb are removed.

Why you should neuter your pet

In both cases it reduces the number of unwanted puppies and kittens.
It also reduces the risk of some diseases and trauma caused by fighting or other contact, related to being entire. It reduces unwanted behaviour often associated with being entire, eg territorial aggression, inappropriate urination marking, mounting, unpredictable behaviour eg straying/poor recall, frustration.

In males the proven health benefits include a reduction or elimination of disorders linked to the prostate gland and testicles.

In females the proven health benefits are even stronger and include a marked reduction in mammary tumours (breast cancer), ovarian/womb disorders (including cancer), phantom pregnancies (very common).

There is a common misconception that its unnatural or unkind not to let your pet have a litter, or have the ability to reproduce. Consider the reality: pets neutered early do not miss the experience, and it could be more unkind to keep them entire and deny them the strong hormonally driven behaviour that nature drives them to express.

We are, of course, happy to discuss the concept of neutering with you and give you the most appropriate advice for your situation, before you make any important decisions.